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What are some treatment options for a distended bladder?

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Treatment options for a distended bladder and urinary retention include bladder drainage, urethral dilation, urethral stents, prostate medications and surgery, states the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The treatment approach depends on the cause of the urinary retention that led to the distended bladder.

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Full Answer

Urinary retention causes distension of the bladder whereby the bladder becomes overstretched to the point where it cannot accommodate any more urine, states Health Hype. The first treatment option for an acute distended bladder is bladder drainage by catheterization, explains the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. This relieves the distress on the bladder and prevents bladder damage. Urethral dilation is used to widen the tubes of the urethra and the stricture in order to encourage urination.

Urethral stints may be inserted into the urethra to push back surrounding tissues in order to widen the urethra. This encourages emptying of the bladder, states the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

In cases where a distended bladder is the result of prostate problems, the physician may prescribe prostate medications. These medications shrink the prostate and relieve urinary retention, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Examples of medications include Avodart and Proscar. Surgeries such as prostate surgery, internal urethrotomy, cystocele or rectocele repair, and tumor or cancer removal surgery all help with distended bladders.

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