Treatment options for diabetes include regular exercise and following a nutritionally balanced diabetic diet low in cholesterol, fat, calories and simple sugars. People with type 1 diabetes treat the disease with medication. In some cases, medication treats type 2 diabetics as well, explains MedicineNet.
In conjunction with lifestyle modifications in diet and exercise level, subcutaneous insulin injections are common treatments for type 1 diabetics. Treatment for type 2 diabetics first focuses on weight reduction, diet and exercise. Non-insulin, oral medications treat type 2 diabetes if diet and exercise are ineffective for controlling blood sugar levels, according to MedicineNet. However, some type 2 diabetics may also require treatment with insulin if oral medications fail to keep blood sugar levels stable.