Chronic cough treatment options depend on the cause; the cough may be treated with antibiotics, inhaled steroids or various types of over-the-counter cough medicines, according to MedicineNet. For a severe chronic cough condition, codeine is typically prescribed. Sometimes coughing is alleviated by changing a medication that causes chronic cough.
Chronic cough treatments differ significantly depending on whether the condition is caused by asthma, gastroesophageal reflux disease, one of various sinus-related issues, an infection or a prescribed medication, MedicineNet explains. If asthma is the cause, the treatment relies on reducing inflammation of airways with inhaled steroids and bronchodilators. Chronic caugh caused by GERD is treated by taking specific medication, such as cimetidine or ranitidine, eliminating all foods that cause reflux, sleeping with a raised head and not eating before a period of lying down. If the cough is due to post-nasal drip or another sinus-related issue, decongestants such as pseudoephedrine or diphenhydramine may help with symptoms. Alternatively, nasal inhalers or inhaled nasal steroids may be used. If sinusitis is the root cause of the condition, antibiotics are prescribed.
Bacterial pneumonia or bronchitis are infections that cause chronic cough. Bacterial pneumonia is typically treated with antibiotics, and bronchitis treatment is generally similar to common cold treatment since bronchitis is typically viral in origin, notes MedicineNet. Humidification, pain relief, fluid intake and a period of rest are all crucial. If it is not clear whether the bronchitis is viral or bacterial, the patient may be prescribed antibiotics.