Oral antibiotics are the usual prescribed treatment for chlamydia, according to WebMD. The infection usually goes away within a week after starting the treatment. If the infection is severe, more aggressive treatments may be necessary.
Symptoms of chlamydia are not always apparent, but when they appear, symptoms in women include painful periods, bleeding between periods, abnormal discharge, vaginal itching and burning, and pain when having sex or urinating. Men's symptoms include unusual discharge from the penis, pain when urinating, burning and itching around the penis opening, and swelling and pain in the area of the testicles. These symptoms generally appear 1 to 3 weeks after contracting chlamydia.
The oral antibiotics usually prescribed are azithromycin or doxycycline. Stronger treatments may be needed for more severe cases of infection, including hospitalization, pain medication and intravenous antibiotics. If a pelvic infection is involved, surgery may be required.