Cerebellar ataxia and resulting atrophy can be treated with a variety of drugs, vitamins, diet control and physical therapy depending on the underlying cause, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. There is no cure for hereditary ataxia.
Ataxia caused by a metabolic disorder can be treated with medications and a restricted diet, reports the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Ataxia caused by a vitamin deficiency is treated with vitamin therapy. A variety of drugs may be used to either effectively prevent symptoms or reduce the frequency of occurrence. Physical therapy strengthens muscles and attempts to correct deformations.