Treatment options for anterolisthesis, which is a form of spondylolisthesis, include rest and physical therapy, according to MedicineNet. The condition can also be eased through the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, epidural injections of cortisone, or braces.
If these modalities fail to bring relief, the patient also has the option of surgery, claims MedicineNet. If the slippage of the vertebrae causes symptoms in the legs, the patient may have decompression surgery with spinal fusion.
In decompression surgery done on the lower back, the surgeon removes part of the bone to relieve the pressure on the spinal nerve, according to Spine-health. The more precise term for this type of surgery is laminectomy because the lamina is removed. The lamina is the bone that makes up the back of a vertebra. Fusion is also performed to stabilize the area. With fusion surgery, two or more vertebrae are fused together permanently, according to MedlinePlus.
The patient is either lying face down or on his side during a spinal fusion, says MedlinePlus. The surgeon uses a bone graft to fuse the vertebrae. Strips of bone may be placed over the back of the vertebrae, the bone material may be placed between them, or they can be inserted in a cage between the vertebrae. Ideally, the bone material comes from another area in the patient's body.