Treatment options for angioedema include antihistamines, corticosteriods and autoimmune drugs, according to Mayo Clinic. For patients with hereditary angioedema, blood protein controllers may also be an option.
Blood protein controllers work by regulating particular blood proteins that can alleviate hereditary angioedema symptoms, Mayo Clinic explains. Autoimmune drugs are prescribed when corticosteroids and antihistamines don't relieve symptoms.
Most cases of angioedema require no treatment, Mayo Clinic reports. Most cases clear up on their own, but treatment may be necessary for persistent symptoms or intense itching.
Patients with a history of severe angioedema or persistent outbreaks may be required to carry a pen filled with epinephrine to self-inject in case of a severe attack, Mayo Clinic states. Patients with worsening symptoms should seek emergency medical help. Angioedema can be deadly if swelling of the throat or tongue blocks the airway.
Angioedema is a condition similar to hives that causes swelling in deeper skin layers, Mayo Clinic says. it often appears around the eyes and lips. The condition is usually triggered by allergies.
With hereditary angioedema, a rare genetic condition causes the swelling, according to WebMD. Symptoms typically begin in childhood, but some patients aren't diagnosed until they are adults. Patients with hereditary angioedema require treatment. Without it, they may have attacks every one to two weeks.