Treatment options for amyloidosis include medication, chemotherapy and transplants, according to Mayo Clinic. The appropriate treatment depends on the type of amyloidosis. Although there is no cure for the condition, treatments can help to reduce symptoms and limit the production of amyloid protein.
Immunoglobulin light chain amyloidosis, known as AL amyloidosis, is the most common form of the disease, reports Mayo Clinic. It occurs when bone marrow produces abnormal antibodies that the body can't break down. Treatment options for AL amyloidosis include chemotherapy, which stops the growth of abnormal cells, and peripheral blood stem cell transplants, where doctors collect stem cells from the patient and store them while the patient receives chemotherapy, after which the cells are returned.
Treatment for AA amyloidosis, which usually affects the kidneys, involves taking anti-inflammatory medication. Doctors prescribe other medications to manage the symptoms of all forms of amyloidosis, including pain medications and medications to reduce fluid retention. Some patients also take blood-thinning medication, according to Mayo Clinic.
Treatment options for amyloidosis related to dialysis include switching to a different form of dialysis or having a kidney transplant, notes Mayo Clinic. Liver transplant is a treatment option for hereditary amyloidosis, as the liver makes the protein that causes this form of the disease.