What Is the Treatment for OCD in Children?

Treatment for children with OCD, or obsessive compulsive disorder, varies but includes various medications and treatments, reports CNN. Doctors use antidepressants, antipsychotics, ADHD medications and sometimes a mixture of all three to treat OCD. Another therapy, exposure therapy, helps children to confront the fears associated with the OCD.

Exposure therapy, a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy, helps people to recognize their behaviors and fears associated with ritual behaviors, those things that they feel that they must perform over and over again, explains WebMD. The therapy concentrates on facing and changing the catastrophic thinking that drives individuals to obsessive compulsive behavior and helps them to forge forward into new thinking. Specific antidepressants and antipsychotics, such as Zoloft, Prozac, Anafranil, Abilify and Risperdal, can also help to manage OCD. More severe methods of treatment, such as electroconvulsive therapy or psychosurgery, are only options when the individual has a severe case of OCD.

People with OCD suffer from repetitive thoughts and behaviors, or obsessions, that they must ease through compulsive rituals, according to WebMD. These obsessions can include the fear of germs or sinful thoughts, necessitating constant hand washing and repeated prayers. Those with OCD often need to have things arranged just so, or they hoard items.