One treatment for mitral valve prolapse is medication prescriptions such as beta blockers, which slow down the heartbeat; heart rhythm drugs including procainamide and amiodarone; blood thinners including heparin and warfarin; and diuretics, which help to rid the lungs of fluid accumulation, according to Mayo Clinic. In severe cases, a surgical procedure to repair or replace a damaged mitral valve may be applicable. However, mitral valve prolapse that does not result in any symptoms typical does not need treatment.
Mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which the mitral valve fails to close as normal, leading to bulging of the valve's leaflets into the left atrium or backward leakage of blood into the atrium, notes Mayo Clinic. Conditions that may render an individual vulnerable to mitral valve prolapse include Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, muscular dystrophy, Grave's disease and Marfan syndrome. Although rarely, the condition may result in fatigue, difficulty breathing while undertaking physical activities, chest pain and lightheadedness. It advisable to visit a doctor immediately when the symptoms of mitral valve prolapse appear to receive early diagnosis and treatment. This may help to prevent possible complications such as arrhythmias and heart valve infection.
Diagnosis of mitral valve prolapse involves an initial physical exam and further tests, such as echocardiogram, electrocardiogram and stress test, as Mayo Clinic reports. Other tests that a doctor may apply to diagnose the condition are coronary angiogram and chest X-ray.