A person suffering from mitral regurgitation may be given different medications, including blood thinners, beta blockers, water spills and medications that control irregular heartbeats, according to MedlinePlus. Treatment of this condition will depend on the cause, the symptoms and how well the heart is functioning. Patients with hypertension may be given medications to ease symptoms.
Mitral regurgitation is usually diagnosed by use of a stethoscope, which is used to listen to any abnormal sounds in the chest. If there are abnormal noises, the condition can be confirmed using an ultrasound of the heart, called echocardiogram. Mild cases may not need medications for treatment, as stated by Patient.co.uk. Medications such as warfarin, diuretics and anti-arrhythmics may be used if a person develops complications and symptoms.
In some cases, a person may undergo a cardioversion, shocking the heart using electrical current. This may only be necessary if a person has developed atrial fibrillation. More severe cases may need surgical operation, especially if there is need for a valve repair or valve replacement. If the symptoms develop, a person may need to reduce their normal activity. Eating low-sodium meals may be helpful, as stated by MedlinePlus. Mitral regurgitation may lead to other conditions, such as heart failure, heart valve infection, blood clotting and irregular heart rhythms.