Treatment for most concussions includes rest, the application of ice wrapped in a washcloth and an over-the-counter acetaminophen, according to WebMD. Persons experiencing a single, mild concussion generally have a very good recovery prognosis with few long-term effects.
Persons experiencing a concussion should be closely monitored for at least 24 hours. Concussion symptoms include headache, loss of memory and confusion and may be immediate or delayed by hours or days after the injury occurs, explains Mayo Clinic.
Those displaying recurring neck pain, slurred speech, persistent headache, temporary loss of consciousness, amnesia, dizziness, nausea, vomiting or fatigue as a result of the concussion should seek medical treatment immediately, warns WebMD. Symptoms requiring medical attention typically subside within seven to 10 days.
Research indicates that persons are more prone to additional concussions with each one suffered. Individuals suffering multiple concussions or those not treated properly are at an increased risk for developing lasting memory loss, psychological disorders, seizures and other neurological disorders, according to eMedicine Health experts.
Athletes are advised not to return to competition until signs of concussion are no longer present; as a precaution, he or she should be medically evaluated by a health care professional trained in evaluating and managing concussions, explains Mayo Clinic.