The most effective way to take care of pain in the spleen caused by enlargement is to determine the underlying cause and treat it accordingly, says Healthline. Spleen pain caused by blunt trauma is treated by intensive monitoring to prevent rupture or complications, according to the Korey Stringer Institute.
Pain from an enlarged spleen caused by infection is treated with antibiotics, explains Healthline. Treating the underlying cause of an enlarged spleen usually prevents its removal. It's possible to lead a normal life without a spleen, but its removal increases vulnerability to infection. An enlarged spleen may rupture and cause serious internal bleeding, so contact sports are discouraged.
A direct impact to the abdomen may cause a rupture in the spleen that is difficult to diagnose, says the Korey Stringer Institute. Athletes often experience spleen pain when engaged in contact sports, and symptoms of a rupture may not immediately appear. Spleen pain caused by impact is treated by ultrasound and imaging tests to determine the extent of any injury, removal of any blood and swelling, and possible surgery.
Other causes of an enlarged spleen include anemia, liver problems, metabolic disorders, blood cancers, and pressure or blood clots in the veins of the spleen or liver, notes Mayo Clinic. An enlarged spleen that exhibits no symptoms and has no apparent cause is typically monitored by a doctor for six to 12 months. The spleen filters blood and prevents infection, and as it gets larger, it may start to filter healthy blood cells along with abnormal ones. An enlarged spleen can exhaust its own blood supply and permanently damage parts of the organ.