The treatment of lymphocytic colitis includes dietary modification, medications and surgery, explains Mayo Clinic. Diarrhea associated with the condition can be relieved with a low-fat and low-fiber diet. Discontinuing certain medications may also help.
The symptoms of lymphocytic colitis can be relieved with anti-diarrheal drugs, medications that block bile acids, steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and immunosuppressant medications, suggests Mayo Clinic. Surgery is reserved for patients whose symptoms persist despite conservative management and involves removing the affected parts of the colon.
Lymphocytic colitis is a type of microscopic colitis, which is a condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine and results in persistent, watery diarrhea, according to Mayo Clinic. Lymphocytic colitis is characterized by an increase in the amount of lymphocytes present in the colon. The symptoms of the condition include chronic watery diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramps, weight loss, nausea and fecal incontinence.
Doctors are not entirely sure what causes lymphocytic colitis, explains Mayo Clinic. Researchers believe that the inflammation may be due to viruses, problems with the immune system, medications that produce irritation in the colon, and inflammation from toxins made by certain bacteria.The disorder is most common in adults between 50 and 70 years of age, smokers, and in people with autoimmune disease.
Medications linked to the development of lymphocytic colitis include aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen, lists Mayo Clinic. Others include proton pump inhibitors, acarbose, flutamide, ranitidine, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and carbamazepine.