The main treatment for lumbar spondylolisthesis includes stopping physical activity and relieving pain with over-the-counter medications, according to WebMD. Other treatments for lumbar spondylolisthesis include physical therapy, weight loss and surgery.
Any treatment for spondylolisthesis begins with stopping the physical activity that is damaging to the vertebrae, explains WebMD. Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or naproxen, helps to relieve pain. Some people also take acetaminophen, such as Tylenol, for pain relief. Doctors also may suggest physical therapy in order to build up the back and stomach muscles, and those who are overweight can find relief by losing weight.
If the pain is severe, the bones continue to move or there is spinal cord damage, those with spondylolisthesis may need surgery, WebMD advises. This surgery may remove tissue or bones from the spine in order to take the pressure off of the spinal cord or nerves. Another option for surgery is to fuse the bones into position so that they no longer move. In other cases, both tissue removal and bone fusion occur during surgery. After any surgery for spondylolisthesis, it's necessary to wear a back brace or cast for a time. Following that, the patient must enter rehabilitation to help make movement easier and the increase muscle strength.