Treating low bone density involves increasing dietary vitamin D and calcium intake and performing weight- bearing exercises. Depending on bone density test results, doctors may prescribe medications to prevent osteoporosis, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Dairy products and green vegetables are excellent sources of calcium; some manufacturers may enrich foods with additional calcium and vitamin D, according to WebMD. The human body also produces more vitamin D with sun exposure. In patients with low levels of these nutrients, doctors often recommend supplements to help prevent more bone loss.
While walking help to build bone mass in the lower body; the use of weights or elastic bands further provides resistance to increase upper bone strength. Doctors and physical therapists can recommend an exercise routine appropriate to the current fitness ability of the patient, reports WebMD.
Bone loss medications are typically not prescribed unless the patient progresses towards osteoporosis, according to WebMD. Hormone replacement is helpful in some post-menopausal women; other options include bisphosphonates and raloxifene.
Building bone mass in early years helps minimize the chances of low bone density as the person ages; lifestyle changes before the age of 30 -including avoiding excessive alcohol, tobacco products and colas- helps to increase bone density, advises WebMD.