Treatment of heart valve disease may involve medications to control and improve symptoms and guard against further damage to the heart or surgery to repair or replace the leaky valve, according to MedicineNet. The severity and type of heart valve disease dictates the treatment recommended.
Medications are often a first-line treatment option for heart valve disease, reports MedicineNet. Medications work to control the rhythm of the heart, remove excess fluid from the bloodstream and tissues or control high blood pressure so the heart does not have to work as hard. Doctors may order other medications to decrease the incidence of heart palpitations or to prolong the clotting time of blood in patients who are at risk of developing blood clots.
Surgical recommendations for repairing or replacing a heart valve depend on the extent of the disease and its location; the patientﾒs age and health; and the unique structure of the heart, explains MedicineNet. Based on a patientﾒs individual situation, a cardiologist may recommend traditional heart valve surgery or less-invasive techniques, including balloon valvotomy procedures, to repair or replace a diseased heart valve. Doctors employ various diagnostic tests to assist them in treatment recommendations, including echocardiography, cardiac catheterization and radionuclide scans.