Treatments for jaundice include blood transfusions, surgery or a liver transplant, according to BootsWebMD. eMedicineHealth.com notes that intravenous fluids, antibiotics and medication are other options. For self-care at home, diet restrictions, avoiding alcohol and staying hydrated are all adequate measures to take for treating jaundice.
BootsWebMD mentions that the type of treatment given depends on the underlying condition that causes jaundice. Blood transfusions are appropriate in cases where jaundice is caused by sickle cell anemia, and the transfusion is meant to replace red blood cells in the body. eMedicineHealth.com mentions that newborns with jaundice need blood transfusions to lower the amount of bilirubin levels in the body. A newborn may also need phototherapy, the process of exposing a child to special lights, to get rid of the illness.
BootsWebMD claims that an operation is necessary if there is blockage in the bile duct system, and surgery is meant to prevent other complications. Removing the gallbladder may be necessary in certain cases. A liver transplant is vital if the liver is severely damaged. MedlinePlus notes that hepatitis and cirrhosis are two diseases that degrade the liver, which eventually leads to jaundice.
eMedicineHealth.com reports that certain drugs need to be discontinued if medicine is causing jaundice. Discontinuing medications falls under expectant management, otherwise known as watchful waiting, when jaundice is treated at home.