Heart attack treatments are typically the same for both men and women and may include oxygen therapy and nitroglycerin medication to improve blood flow and reduce the heart's workload, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Aspirin may be administered to thin the blood.
Many treatments begin before a heart attack is diagnosed if the patient has chest pain or symptoms of a heart attack, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Once a heart attack is diagnosed, physicians may administer clot-busting medications and perform medical procedures to restore blood flow to the heart and open blocked coronary arteries.
Clot-busting medicines dissolve blood clots blocking the patient's coronary arteries, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. A percutaneous coronary intervention, a nonsurgical procedure also known as a coronary angioplasty, threads a balloon or device through a blood vessel to compress plaque present against the wall of the artery and restore blood flow. During this procedure, a physician may also insert a stent into the artery to prevent future blockages.
Patients who are stabilized typically undergo cardiac rehabilitation after a heart attack, which includes exercise training to strengthen muscles and improve stamina, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. Rehabilitation treatment may also include education and counseling focused on reducing stress, changing lifestyle habits and adopting a heart-healthy diet.