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What is the treatment for a heart attack?

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Quick Answer

According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, heart attack treatments include oxygen, aspirin therapy and nitroglycerin. Aspirin therapy helps to prevent blood clots, while nitroglycerin helps to stabilize blood flow through the coronary system. In addition to blood clotting medications, angioplasty may be required. It is a nonsurgical procedure in which a tube is inserted into an artery to remove blockages.

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Cleveland Clinic explains that medications such as aspirin, thrombolytic therapy, heparin and antiplatelet drugs should be administered within 30 minutes of a heart attack symptom onset to minimize heart muscle damage. These medications can also be used in combination. In certain situations, coronary artery bypass surgery, in which a blood vessel graft is used to bypass one or more blocked coronary arteries, may be required to restore the blood supply in the heart.

According to Mayo Clinic, heart attacks are also referred to as myocardial infarctions and are typically caused by blood clots that hinder blood flow to the heart muscle. Common heart attack symptoms include chest tightness or pain, nausea, heartburn, sweating and dizziness. Heart attack symptoms can vary from person-to-person and range from mild to severe. It is imperative for individuals experiencing potential heart attack symptoms to seek immediate medical assistance to ensure prompt diagnosis and treatment.

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