The best form of treatment for hand and wrist pain depends on the underlying cause or condition diagnosed; however, medications commonly used include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, according to the Arthritis Foundation. NSAIDs are available without a prescription and help reduce inflammation. Other medications used for arthritis treatment include corticosteroids, analgesics, disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and gout or osteoporosis medications.
Individuals suffering from hand or wrist stiffness, pain and swelling may find relief with exercises that work to increase their range of motion, explains Harvard Health Publications. Specific exercises depend on the condition; most range-of-motion exercises, including wrist extension and flexion, lengthen and stretch the muscles and tendons. Exercises are meant to be performed slowly and deliberately to avoid further injury, and if pain persists or increases, it is important to consult a medical professional.
Wrist extension and flexion exercises are performed by placing the forearm on the edge of a table with the hand hanging off of the edge, states Harvard Health Publications. A towel or other form of padding can be placed under the arm as a cushion. The hand moves up and down until there is a feeling of a gentle stretch. The exercise is performed with the palm down for a few repetitions, and then with the palm facing upward. Rotating the forearm to shift the palm from facing up or down is another gentle stretching motion to increase mobility in the wrist. Additionally, performing several repetitions of stretching the fingers by extending them outward, and then creating a fist increases mobility in the hands.