Graves' eye disease can be treated by anti-thyroid medication. However, mild cases of this condition go away on their own within 4 months. Before diagnosis, an eye test will need to be performed in order to rule out the possibility of an eye tumor, notes WebMD.
Graves' eye disease is most commonly referred to as Graves' ophthalmopathy. This condition affects about 30 percent of individuals with Graves' disease, states Mayo Clinic.
Graves' eye disease can lead to bulging eyes caused by swelling of muscles, tissues and fat accumulation behind the eye socket. Eyes may become reddened and painful due to infection.
Other symptoms associated with Graves' eye disease include a gritty feeling in the eyes, retracted or puffy eyelids, double vision when looking to the sides, sensitivity to light and in some cases loss of vision.
Cool compresses and artificial tears are used to soothe the pain. When going outdoors, it is advised to wear protective eyeglasses. Sleeping with the head elevated also prevents eyelid swelling.
Early detection makes it possible for treatment via non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Corticosteroid drugs may be used when muscles and tissues around the eyes are severely affected. Surgery can also be used when vision or nerve damage is imminent.