According to WebMD, exercise, physical therapy, medication and alternative treatments such as acupuncture, deep tissue massage and herbal remedies treat fibromyalgia. There is no cure for fibromyalgia, but the treatments incorporate a multidisciplinary plan to relieve its painful symptoms and enhance sleep.
Although many fibromyalgia sufferers avoid exercise in fear of pain, exercise is the most important fibromyalgia treatment, notes WebMD. Exercise releases natural painkillers in the body called endorphins. Starting slowly and gradually to increase exercise intensity allows those with fibromyalgia to receive the benefits of exercise without experiencing more pain. Physical therapy helps those with fibromyalgia to exercise with more efficiency and also relaxes the muscles during everyday living. Physical therapy especially helps with better posture, which eases pain and fatigue by enabling improved muscle functions.
Antidepressants treat depression, sleep issues, fatigue and pain, and the anticonvulsant drug Lyrica improves daily function and reduces pain for some people with fibromyalgia. Cymbalta and Savella are both serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors used to treat anxiety, reduce pain and induce overall improvement of fibromyalgia symptoms, explains WebMD. Side effects of these medicines are nausea, constipation, insomnia, headache and dizziness. Alternative treatments provide options that do not involve the side effects of medication, but positive results still vary among each person.