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What is the treatment for an essential tremor?

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Quick Answer

Beta blockers, anti-seizure medications, tranquilizers, Botox injections, physical therapy and surgery treat essential tremor, according to Mayo Clinic. Mild cases of essential tremor often do not require treatment.

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Full Answer

Beta blockers are typically used to treat high blood pressure, but beta blockers, such as metoprolol, propranolol, nodal, atenolol and sotalol, also relieve tremors, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Heart problems, fatigue and lightheadedness are possible side effects of beta blockers, and those with heart problems and asthma may not be able to use them. Anti-seizure medications used for epilepsy, such as topiramate and gabapentin, are used to treat essential tremors if beta blockers are not effective. Nausea and drowsiness are typical short-lived side effects of anti-seizure medication.

Tranquilizers, such as clonazepam and alprazolam, treat anxiety that can cause essential tremors, explains Mayo Clinic. These medications are sometimes habit-forming and can cause sedation and fatigue. Botox injections improve tremors for up to three months but may cause weakness if used for hand tremors.

Physical and occupational therapy help control muscle coordination and help patients learn to adapt to essential tremors, according to Mayo Clinic. Surgical deep-brain stimulation is used for severe cases of essential tremor that do not respond to other treatments. An electrical probe is inserted into the thalamus to connect to a neurostimulator that stops tremors.

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