The typical treatment for polyps in the esophagus is to remove them during an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, according to WebMD. During the procedure, the doctor inserts a flexible tube into the esophagus through the mouth. A camera at the end of the tube allows the doctor to view the esophagus, and tools are inserted into the tube to facilitate the removal of polyps.Continue Reading
Typically, doctors first discover the presence of esophageal polyps during an endoscopy exam, explains WebMD. Removing the polyps is convenient when the endoscope is still in place and allows for an immediate biopsy to test for the presence of cancer. In some cases, other upper gastrointestinal tests determine the presence of polyps. When that occurs and the polyps are asymptomatic, no treatment is necessary. The doctor takes a wait-and-see approach, removing the polyps by endoscopy only if symptoms develop.
Preparing for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy requires fasting for six to eight hours and abstaining from certain medications, such as pain relievers and iron supplements, for one to two weeks, states WebMD. During the test, the doctor administers a sedative and pain reliever intravenously, and numbs the throat with a spray, lozenge or gargle. A mouth guard protects the patient's mouth from the endoscope. The doctor gently inserts the tube into the esophagus, asking the patient to swallow to ease its insertion.Learn more about Gastrointestinal Issues