Medical treatments for an enlarged testicle include antibiotics and home care techniques, according to WebMD. Home remedies include over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and ice packs. A male can also use an athletic supporter or fitted briefs to help elevate the scrotum and improve comfort.
In most cases, doctors successfully treat an inflamed testicle with antibiotics over the course of 10 days, notes WebMD. If the prostate is involved with the condition, the patient may require a longer course of antibiotic treatment. Situations in which fever, vomiting and nausea accompany the individual's condition may require intravenous antibiotics. Men with an inflamed testicle who are sexually active should either use condoms or refrain from sexual activity until his past partners have taken antibiotics and are symptom free.
Examples of over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for treating an inflamed testicle at home include naproxen, ibuprofen and acetaminophen, states WebMD. When using ice packs, the individual can prevent burns by wrapping the ice in a cloth before pressing it to the skin. Individuals should only apply ice in 15-to-20-minute increments several times a day to help with the swelling.
Men who think they may have an inflamed testicle or notice pain or redness should seek immediate medical attention, according to WebMD. Tests and exams used to diagnose the condition include ultrasound, rectal exam and urine samples.