What Is the Treatment for an Enlarged Prostate?


Quick Answer

According to WebMD, medications, office procedures and surgery relieve the symptoms of an enlarged prostate. The size of the prostate gland, the severity of the symptoms, preexistent medical conditions and age are also factored into making the best treatment decision.

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What Is the Treatment for an Enlarged Prostate?
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Full Answer

WebMD lists alpha blockers such as tamsulosin, silodosin, terazosin and doxazosin as drugs that relieve prostate symptoms, but they do not reduce the size of the prostate. Alpha blockers were originally used in high blood pressure treatment, but the drug is effective in relaxing prostate and bladder muscles for easier urination. Finasteride and dutasteride, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, shrink the prostate by reducing male hormone levels in the body. It may take from six to 12 months to fully test the effectiveness of the drug, but urine flow improvement typically begins in the first three months.

WebMD lists transurethral microwave thermotherapy as a moderately invasive procedure that is used when medication is not effective enough. This procedure uses advanced heating microwaves to burn away the prostate tissue that causes mild-to-moderate urination blockage. This procedure uses topical anesthesia and pain medications and is performed in a doctor’s office.

The most common and least invasive surgery for an enlarged prostate, according to WebMD, is the transurethral resection of the prostate. An electrical loop cuts the tissue growth that presses against the urethra in this procedure to allow urine to flow easier.

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