The most common treatment for endometrial hyperplasia, which occurs when there is proliferation of the endometrium, is progestin therapy, according to the Women's Health and Education Center. Although endometrial hyperplasia can increase the risk of developing cancer, treating it with progestin or by surgical means can help eliminate the risk.
Progestin is given orally or as a vaginal cream. It can also be given as an injection, reports Everyday Health. There are different types of endometrial hyperplasia, and the risk of cancer and treatment options vary depending on the type. Atypical hyperplasia is more likely to cause cancer. If the diagnosis is atypical, treatment may include a hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus. This is to prevent uterine cancer.
Endometrial hyperplasia refers to any proliferation except cytologic atypica, notes the Women's Health and Education Center. Risk factors for endometrial hyperplasia include obesity, history of diabetes, and family history of uterine or ovarian cancer, explains Everyday Health. Symptoms of endometrial hyperplasia include heavy bleeding between periods and a shorter menstrual cycle. Doctors use tests such as transvaginal ultrasounds, biopsies, and dilation and curettage to diagnose endometrial hyperplasia. This disorder can either be simple or complex, and it is atypical when there are abnormal cell changes.