Treatment for tinnitus, which can manifest itself as continual hissing sounds in the ear, involves the treatment of underlying causes and noise suppression or masking, explains Mayo Clinic. Medications such as tricylic antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs have also been used to reduce the symptoms.
Tinnitus can be a symptom of an underlying cause, such as impacted ear wax, or problems with blood vessels in the head and neck, states Mayo Clinic. Treating these conditions may help the noise disappear. Noise masking and suppression can be used to distract the individual and redirect their attention away from the annoying sounds. White noise machines, hearing aids, electronic suppression devices and retraining programs can also help.
Medications can't cure tinnitus, but in severe cases, they can help reduce symptoms and treat the psychological distress the disorder can cause, notes the Vestibular Disorders Association. In addition to tricyclic antidepressants and benzodiazapines, some SSRI antidepressants such as Prozac have shown benefit for some sufferers.
Tinnitus is a common disorder characterized by abnormal sounds in the head or in the ears, according to the Vestibular Disorders Association. These sounds may present as clicking, ringing and whistling in addition to hissing, and may vary in both pitch and volume. In most cases, only the affected individual can hear the noise. While underlying medical conditions may be the cause of some cases of tinnitus, many cases have no discernible cause.