The first treatment for colon inflammation is usually taking anti-inflammatory medications, according to Mayo Clinic. If various drugs, lifestyle changes and other treatments do not cure an inflamed colon, a surgical procedure may be necessary.
If anti-inflammatory medications are not effective, a doctor may prescribe immune system suppressors, notes Mayo Clinic. The immune system suppressors stop the immune system from releasing chemicals that cause inflammation in the intestines. A physician may also prescribe antibiotics to suppress the intestine's immune system, eliminate harmful bacteria and prevent infection.
Lifestyle changes may help to keep the symptoms of colon inflammation at bay, states Mayo Clinic. Reducing dairy intake may prevent symptoms associated with colon inflammation, such as gas, stomach pain and diarrhea. Some people with colon inflammation may benefit from reducing their fat intake. Foods that are rich in fiber may exacerbate an inflamed colon, so limiting fiber intake may help.
Drinking plenty of water can help, as well, according to Mayo Clinic. Carbonated and alcoholic beverages may worsen symptoms. Eating small meals throughout the day can help to relieve symptoms of colon inflammation. Individuals suffering from inflammation symptoms should speak to a dietitian about meal plans or vitamin recommendations. Reducing stress whenever possible can help to stop flare-ups, and quitting smoking may also improve the health of the digestive tract.