Antibiotic medication and surgery in severe conditions are the main treatment options for Clostridium difficile infection. An estimated 20 percent of people with C. difficile become infected again after treatment, notes Mayo Clinic.
Clostridium difficile infection is a condition that occurs when the natural balance of bacteria in the gut is upset. This internal upset causes the C. diff bacterium to release toxins that damage the lining of the colon and small intestine, notes WebMD.
Some risk factors associated with the condition include taking antibiotics and medications aimed at lowering stomach acid. Individuals with a mild case of the condition may experience mild abdominal cramping and tenderness. They may also pass watery diarrhea.
Severe cases of the condition can be characterized by watery diarrhea that takes place more than 10 times in a day. High body temperature, blood or pus stains in stool and nausea can equally be observed. Other symptoms associated with this condition include dehydration, loss of weight, kidney failure, increase in white blood cells, swelling of the abdomen and loss of appetite.
To prevent the occurrence of C. difficile infections, all surfaces should be cleaned thoroughly and contact with infected people should be done cautiously. Washing of the hands and avoiding unnecessary antibiotics can go a long way in preventing the condition. The antibiotic Flagyl is a common medicine used to treat the condition. People with severe symptoms may have to undergo surgery.