Cervical vertigo refers to any pattern of persistent dizziness or vertigo that follows a neck injury. The American Hearing Research Foundation states that cervical vertigo is a rare condition that is difficult to treat. Standard treatment involves treating the underlying cause of the condition if it is known. Treatment options include physical therapy, analgesic injections, and topical or oral pain medications.
The American Hearing Research Foundation lists vascular compression as one potential cause of cervical vertigo. Vascular compression occurs when a blood vessel in the neck is compressed by one of the vertebrae in the neck portion of the spine. Inappropriate chiropractic care, deterioration from arthritis and surgical complications are possible sources of vascular compression leading to cervical vertigo. Heathline maintains that vascular compression is treatable with physical therapy to develop proper posture of the head and neck.
Problems with the sensory input from proprioceptors, nerves in the neck that sense position and movement, is another possible cause of cervical vertigo listed by the American Hearing Research Foundation. A study published by the National Library of Medicine reports that a series of topical and injected analgesic applications provided long-term symptom relief for many patients with cervical vertigo caused by cervical nerve problems.