The treatment for carotid stenois involves medical procedures, medications and lifestyle changes, as stated by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Iinstutes of Health. The main aim of treatment is to prevent further development of the disease and to reduce the risks of suffering from stroke. The treatment will depend on the age of a person, symptoms, severity of the condition and the general health of an individual.
If a person has mild or moderate carotid stenois, the doctor will recommend lifestyle to help prevent the progression of the condition. This may include reducing salt intake, exercising regularly, losing weight, eating a healthy diet and quitting smoking. The doctor may also prescribe medications that are intended to help reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. A healthy diet is necessary to help reduce hypertension.
In cases where the blockage is severe, the doctor may recommend a surgical operation to remove the blockage from the artery. One option is the carotid endarterectomy, which involves making an incision in the carotid artery and removing the plaques. If this operation fails, a person may undergo a carotid angioplasty and stenting, which involves putting a stent in the artery to prevent it from narrowing. Managing chronic conditions, such as diabetes, is also an important for this condition.