According to WebMD, most bunions can be treated at home by wearing shoes that reduce pressure put on the bunion, using orthotic shoe inserts and treating the affected area with ice and medication to reduce swelling. If these treatments fail, surgical options may be considered.
WebMD advises working with a doctor to plan a course of treatment for a bunion on the big toe to reduce pain and keep it from getting worse. Over-the-counter medication is appropriate to manage bunion pain. Unless the bunion is painful or limits the daily activities in which the patient can engage, treatment may not be required.