What Is the Treatment for Bullous Pemphigoid?


Quick Answer

Bullous pemphigoid, a rare skin disease that primarily occurs in the elderly, is usually treated with corticosteroids, immunosuppressants and anti-inflammatory medications, Mayo Clinic says. Doctors often prescribe several of these medications to stop itching and heal the skin quickly before it becomes infected.

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Corticosteroids may be used in either pills or applied directly to the skin, Mayo Clinic reports. Immunosuppressants reduce the amount of white blood cells and are often prescribed to reduce the amount of corticosteroids the patient has to take. Anti-inflammatory medications may be used alone or with corticosteroids.

Bullous pemphigoid can be serious, and it is important for patients to get treatment and take precautions, Mayo Clinic states. Patients are urged to cover any blisters that break open to prevent infection and to avoid exposing the affected area to the sun. Hard and crunchy foods, such as raw vegetables and chips, should be avoided by those with oral blisters because they can make symptoms worse.

People over 60 are most likely to experience bullous pemphigoid. It is caused by an autoimmune response, sometimes in relation to taking certain medications. It attacks tissue under the skin resulting in large blisters that appear in parts of the body that flex, such as the upper thighs, abdomen and armpits.

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