A broken tibia can be treated through immobilization or certain surgical procedures. The tibia is the major weight-bearing bone of the leg, notes Mayo Clinic.
The tibia can also be referred to as the shinbone. Road accidents and sport injuries are major causes of tibial fractures. Individuals that experience tibial fractures may end up losing feeling in the leg affected. Depending on severity, the affected leg may deform or become unstable. These individuals tend to feel mild or extreme pain depending on the extent of damage. They are also likely to be unable to walk or bear weight on the affected leg.
Doctors often diagnose this condition by asking a few questions regarding the symptoms and carrying out a physical examination of the leg. Imaging tests, such as X-rays, may be conducted to ascertain the extent of injury. Treatment depends on various issues including the patient's overall health, the severity of the fracture, extent of soft tissue damage and cause of the injury.
Immobilizing the leg to ensure faster recovery is one of the options available for treatment. A cast and functional brace can be an effective way to deal with the condition, notes the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. In certain cases, doctors may have to use surgical procedures to treat the patient. Intramedullary nailing, plates and screws and external fixations are some surgical procedures that may be effective in treatment.