Dentists and oral surgeons treat bone loss in gums by performing bone grafting procedures, replacing the loose teeth, and pocket reduction. Bone loss is a side effect of periodontal disease, a gum disease that affects many adults, says the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research.
Periodontal disease, a gum condition, ranges from inflamed gums to serious bone loss in the teeth. Plaque and tartar cause gingivitis, which can progress into periodontitis. Periodontitis, or periodontal disease, causes the gums to shrink away from the teeth, leaving infected pockets. The bone can start to break down, NIDCR says.
The first step in the treatment of bone loss in gums is to treat the periodontal infection, according to Periodontics Associates. Dentists clean out the infections in the pockets with scaling and root planning procedures. After, dentists can work on rebuilding the bone or implanting new teeth. Periodontists can perform bone grafting, which involves regenerating the bone with both synthetic and natural material. Another procedure, bone reshaping, is used to smooth the bone in order to prevent bacteria from hiding and aggravating the teeth and gums.
Patients can prevent periodontal disease by brushing and flossing every day, as directed by a dentist. Smokers who quit also decrease their chances of getting the disease, claims NIDCR.