How Is Bone Cancer Treated?


Quick Answer

Bone cancer is commonly treated with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation and cryosurgery, states the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. When abnormal tissue mass forms within the bone and becomes malignant, it is known as bone cancer, says Healthline. Bone cancer is rare in the United States, accounting for around 2,000 cases annually.

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Full Answer

Surgery is usually the main treatment for bone cancer. Surgery is used to remove tumors in the bone and the cancerous tissue and muscles surrounding it, according to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. A type of surgery, known as cryosurgery, treats bone cancer by removing the tumor using liquid nitrogen and then freezing the tumor cavity at extremely low temperatures. Cryosurgery eliminates tumor cells and reduces the probability of bone cancer relapse.

Chemotherapy is a combination of drugs that kill and prevent cancer cells from developing. It is usually given through an intravenous tube inserted into a vein. Cancer treatment using chemotherapy requires receiving numerous cycles of it within a certain period of time, notes Cancer.net.

Radiation therapy kills cancer cells using high-energy X-rays. It is commonly used in bone cancer patients that had no success in the surgical removal of the tumor, states Cancer.net. There are two commonly used types of radiation therapy, including external-beam radiation therapy and brachytherapy, according to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Center.

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