To treat blocked ears, individuals should open up the obstructed eustachian tubes by yawning, swallowing, or chewing gum, as confirmed by Mayo Clinic. Other options include topical nasal steroids, decongestants and drainage tubes.
Although blocked eustachian tubes generally resolve on their own, individuals can manually clear them by closing the mouth, plugging the nostrils and gently blowing, as instructed by eMedicineHealth. A light popping noise or sensation signals that the pressure outside and inside the ears has equalized. Over-the-counter pain medications and steroid nasal sprays may be helpful if the patient cannot manually unblock the tubes, and antibiotics may be necessary if the condition is the result of an ear infection. To treat pain associated with blocked ears, patients can place a warm washcloth on the ears or use a heating pad set on low, with a cloth placed between the heating pad and the skin.
In some cases, surgery may be necessary to clear the blocked eustachian tubes, as stated by eMedicineHealth. The doctor may drain the fluid by making a small incision on the eardrum to equalize ear pressure, and he may place a small tube in the ear that falls out on its own over time. Individuals should consult a doctor if their blocked eustachian tubes last longer than two weeks or cause severe symptoms, as recommended by Mayo Clinic.