Doctors treat sinus papillomas surgically because of their association with cancer and the dangers they pose by themselves, according to Canadian Cancer Society. Even after the papillomas are removed, patients must be monitored closely because they are very likely to recur, sometimes multiple times.
Surgery to remove sinus papillomas can involve removing portions of the surrounding bones, Canadian Cancer Society says. One type of surgery involves the removal of part of the upper jaw. Another is the removal of both the mucosal membrane and bones separating sinuses. The least invasive type is the removal of the papilloma alone using a tube inserted into the sinuses. A combination of these surgeries may be necessary to remove any papillomas fully.
Sinus papillomas are also known as inverting papillomas, and they are a form of non-cancerous tumor, according to Canadian Cancer Society. Despite the fact that they are not cancerous, they can grow deeply into the sinuses, destroying surrounding bone. They can grow into the brain and cause death if left untreated. Symptoms include nasal blockage, nosebleeds, nasal discharge, eye problems, facial swelling and facial pain. There are no known risk factors for sinus papillomas, but they are most common in men between the ages of 40 and 70.