Treatments for foot bunions include shoe inserts, medications, padding, ice and various types of surgery, according to Mayo Clinic. Treatment varies by patient and is dependent on the severity of the bunion and the resulting pain.
Most individuals begin by choosing more comfortable shoes, according to Mayo Clinic. A physician may add taping, padding or splinting to the foot of the patient to decrease pain. Shoe inserts -whether over-the-counter and prescription- may also improve bunion symptoms, while applying ice to the area helps to alleviate pain and inflammation.
Bunions requiring surgery may be treated by removing swollen tissue, realigning bones, straightening the big toe or by permanently joining the bones of the affected joint, according to Mayo Clinic.