What Is the Treatment After a CMV-Positive Test?


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No cure for cytomegalovirus exists, but it is harmless in most patients, according to Mayo Clinic. Individuals with weakened immune symptoms, such as adults with immunodeficiency diseases and infants, and pregnant women, who risk passing the virus to their children, can seek treatment with antiviral drugs. Antiviral drugs do not eradicate the virus, but they can slow its spread in the patient. Otherwise, providers manage the virus by treating the symptoms of outbreaks of any related conditions, such as pneumonia.

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Some other possible complications of cytomegalovirus requiring additional treatment include complications in the liver, intestine, nervous system and lungs, states Mayo Clinic. The virus can also cause a unique form of mononucleosis, or mono, which presents symptoms of a sore, swollen throat and glands, as well as nausea and fatigue. In infants, the virus can have more severe complications, including loss of sight or hearing, mental impairments, stunted growth, seizures and even death.

Research on possible new treatments and preventive measures for the virus is ongoing, as of 2015, explains Mayo Clinic. A cytomegalovirus test typically involves testing the blood for antibodies or using body fluid or tissue cultures. Doctors can also test the amniotic fluid in a mother’s womb for signs of infection in a fetus.

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