Because there can be many different causes for an abnormal alkaline phosphatase level (ALP) in the blood, there also can be different treatment options. Some causes for an elevated level of ALP can be underlying conditions like rickets, leukemia, liver disorders and lymphoma, states the National Institutes of Health's MedlinePlus. Some causes for a low level of ALP are not having sufficient amounts of protein and malnutrition.
Abnormal levels of alkaline phosphatase, which is an enzyme produced by different organs in the body, are detected through an ALP blood test. Some organs that produce quantities of ALP are the liver and bones. However, the liver manufactures a larger amount of this substance, according to WebMD.
Doctors can order this test in order to diagnose many of the conditions already mentioned. The test can also be performed for other conditions like pancreatitis and gallstones. The normal level of ALP is between 20 and 140 IU/L, reports the National Institute of Health. When levels are abnormal, other tests are necessary to diagnose properly the exact cause for the condition.
Treatment for abnormal levels of ALP is dependent on the specific cause. For example, another condition called cholestasis can cause abnormally high levels of ALP. Cholestasis refers to a decrease in bile flow that may be due to acute hepatitis, other different liver diseases, or stones that form in the bile duct, relates the Merck Manuals. The treatment for cholestasis depends on whether it is a liver or bile duct problem, For stones, that are causing an obstruction, surgery is an options. If the condition is related to a liver issue, there are different treatment options depending on the condition's severity and symptoms.