Doctors treat uncomplicated vaginal yeast infections with short-course vaginal therapy or single-dose oral medications, according to Mayo Clinic. They treat complicated yeast infections with long-course vaginal therapy, multidose oral medications and maintenance plans.
For infrequent yeast infections and those with mild-to-moderate symptoms, short-course vaginal therapy for one to three days using antifungal creams or ointments that are available in either suppository or tablet formats are generally effective, according to Mayo Clinic. Classified as azoles, these medications are available both in over-the-counter and prescription strengths. Additionally, a doctor may order a single-dose oral medication known as Diflucan, or fluconazole.
A complicated yeast infection may require the use of long-course vaginal therapy, advises Mayo Clinic. This type of therapy involves using azole medications for up to 14 days. In lieu of vaginal therapy, a doctor may order fluconazole in multiple doses to clear up the infection. Doctors may start women who are prone to yeast infections on a maintenance plan that involves taking fluconazole by mouth weekly for a duration of six months.
Partners of women with recurrent yeast infections may need treatment also, notes Mayo Clinic. For example, a male partner may develop a jock itch. Typically, partners of women with uncomplicated yeast infections require no treatment.