To treat trigger finger pain, take ibuprofen, naproxen or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication as instructed by a health care professional, suggests Mayo Clinic. Noninvasive treatments include resting your hand for three to four weeks, applying ice or heat packs several times daily, or wearing a splint when sleeping for six weeks to keep the painful finger in a stretched position. Your doctor may also recommend mild exercises to improve your finger's mobility.
Treatment for trigger finger depends on how severe and how long the condition has persisted, notes Mayo Clinic. While taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicines offers pain relief, these drugs do not alleviate swelling that tightens the tendon sheath or traps the tendon in the affected finger.
Besides ice application, try soaking the painful finger in warm water after waking up in the morning, advises Mayo Clinic. Wearing a splint allows the affected tendon to rest and prevents you from bending your fingers while asleep.
Steroid injection is a possible treatment if noninvasive treatments do not work or if symptoms worsen, states Mayo Clinic. During the procedure, a doctor injects a steroid medication close to the tendon sheath to decrease inflammation and promote gliding movements. Another option is percutaneous release, which involves numbing the palm, inserting a needle into the tissue surrounding the affected tendon, and shifting the needle and painful finger to loosen the constriction that obstructs the tendon's motions.