Depending on the accompanying symptoms of trigger finger and the severity of a patient's condition, treatment plans usually involve some combination of wearing a splint and taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, notes the National Health Service. The condition sometimes heals without treatment, but in more severe cases, corticosteroid injections and surgery may be necessary to achieve full recovery.
Wearing a splint can help to stabilize a patient's finger, and doctors may recommend wearing one overnight in cases where fingers seem to lock up in the morning. According to the National Health Service, this treatment option is most effective for patients with mild trigger finger symptoms and is not considered a good option for long-term relief.
For patients with moderate trigger finger, doctors may recommend the use of corticosteroid injections to drastically reduce the swelling and pain associated with the condition. The injection is placed at the base of the finger and relief takes several days to a few weeks. Unfortunately, corticosteroid injections are not a permanent solution for trigger finger and symptoms may recur in the future. They are also not as effective for patients who also suffer from diabetes and rheumatoid arthritis. According to the National Health Service, if trigger finger is not treated successfully, it is possible for the affected finger to become permanently stuck in a bent or extended position.