Treatment for a throat hernia that causes symptoms involves medications, such as antacids, H-2-receptor blockers and proton pump inhibitors, or a surgical operation, states Mayo Clinic. Treatment is not necessary for cases that do not show any signs or symptoms. This condition occurs when a part of the stomach bulges up through the diaphragm and into the chest.
Over-the-counter medications, such as Rolaids, Tums, Maalox and Gelusil, can relieve the condition quickly, according to Mayo Clinic. H-2-receptor blockers help to reduce acid production and they include famotidine, nizatidine, cimetidine and ranitidine. Stronger variants of these drugs are only available with a doctor's prescription. Proton pump inhibitors are drugs that block the production of acid and help in healing the damaged esophagus. Over-the-counter proton pump inhibitors include omeprazole and lansoprazole.
In some rare cases, a throat hernia may need a surgical operation, explains Mayo Clinic. Doctors recommend surgery for emergency situations and for patients who fail to respond to other treatment options. The surgery involves pulling the stomach down toward the abdomen and reducing the size of the opening in the diaphragm. The surgeon may also decide to remove the hernia sac. Types of surgeries for this condition include laparotomy and thoracotomy, and the surgeon chooses the type depending on a patient's health.