Treatment of a thickened heart usually depends on what type a patient has; that is, whether the heart is dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy or restrictive cardiomyopathy. The medical term for a thickened heart is cardiomyopathy. Some cases of dilated cardiomyopathy that occur suddenly tend to clear up without treatment, as stated by the American Heart Association.
Typically, the aim of treatment is usually to manage the symptoms, control infections that can worsen the condition, prevent the condition from progressing and prevent any complications related to the condition. Treatment may include medications, lifestyle changes, surgical procedures, nonsurgical procedures and the use of implanted devices.
Medications that may be prescribed to treated dilated cardiomyopathy include diuretics, beta blockers, Digoxin, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. If the condition does not respond to medication, a patient may undergo a heart transplant to correct it, as stated by Mayo Clinic. Unfortunately, this can take too long due to shortage of heart donors.
Patients are expected to lead a healthy lifestyle, which involves eating a healthy diet, regular physical activities, quitting smoking, avoiding alcohol consumption, losing excess weight, curbing stress and having enough sleep. Inherited types of cardiomyopathy cannot be prevented. Measures can be taken to reduce the risk of getting diabetes and other complications.