Doctors may recommend that patients with tendonitis in the elbow and forearm ice the area, take nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, wear an elbow strap and complete range of motion exercises, according to WebMD. Advanced cases may merit physical therapy, steroid injections or surgery.
Extracorporeal shock wave therapy is an experimental treatment that can encourage the body to heal itself. The sound waves create tiny tears in the surrounding tissue, which causes the body to better heal the area, according to OrthoInfo.
Repetitive motion and gripping causes tendonitis in the elbow and forearm, so patients should avoid these actions while recovering, according to WebMD.
The symptoms of tendonitis are weakness, pain, limited range of motion and swelling along the joint, notes WebMD. Once a patient can complete tasks with his affected arm without any symptoms, he is ready to resume normal activities.
Half of the people who repeatedly develop tendonitis in these areas require surgery, states WebMD. During the operation, surgeons remove the damaged sections of the tendon. Surgery successfully repairs the problem 85 to 90 percent of the time.
After surgery, the patient wears a splint for one week, explains OrthoInfo. Once the splint and stitches are removed, the patient begins exercises to slowly stretch the area. Strength training exercises start approximately two months after surgery, and patients can resume sports in four to six months.