How do you treat tendonitis?


Quick Answer

Treat tendinitis with over-the-counter or prescription pain relievers, corticosteroid injections and physical therapy of the affected muscle-tendon unit, according to Mayo Clinic. In the most severe cases, surgery may be required to repair an injured tendon. Home remedies for treating tendinitis includes resting, icing, compressing and elevating the injured tendon.

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Full Answer

To treat tendinitis at home and speed recovery, Mayo Clinic recommends avoiding any activities that can cause an increase in the pain or swelling of the affected tendon. Apply ice to the affected area every 20 minutes, several times a day. Applying heat might also help increase blood flow to the tendon and muscle. If the affected area swells, keep it compressed in a wrap or elastic bandages until the swelling goes down. Keeping the tendon elevated above your heart can also help reduce swelling. While a doctor may recommend corticosteroid medication injections to reduce inflammation and pain, repeated injections can weaken the tendon over time.

According to Mayo Clinic, tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon, which is the thick, fibrous cord that connects muscles to bones, causing pain and tenderness around the affected joint. Tendinitis is commonly caused by the overuse of a specific tendon due to repetitive action.

Tendinitis can also be caused by an injury, aging or diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, according to Healthline. Athletes who play certain sports are at a higher risk of developing tendinitis, as well as those whose work regularly involves heavy lifting and physical exertion. Common names for tendinitis of a particular tendon include tennis or golfer's elbow, pitcher's or swimmer's shoulder and jumper's knee.

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